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Increasing Prevalence of Parent-Reported Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder Among Children -- United States, 2003 and 2007
Report
This report describes the increase in parent-reported ADHD diagnosis in children during 2003-2007 to further characterize the substantial impact of ADHD on families.

Overview of Surveys


This table provides a visual overview of the type of information available in each survey available on the Data Resource Center (DRC). Click on the name of each survey to find out additional information.
         

 

National Survey of Children’s Health (NSCH)

National Survey of Children with Special Health Care Needs (NS-CSHCN)

National Health Interview Survey – Complementary and Alternative Medicine (NHIS-CAM)

Survey of Pathways to Diagnosis and Services (Pathways)

National Health Interview Survey - Child Component

What is it?

A national survey which provides overall picture of children’s health, with information on families and neighborhoods

A national survey which focuses on children with special health care needs, their specific health conditions, and access to care

A supplement of a national survey, which focuses on children who use complementary and alternative medicine

A follow-back survey to the NS-CSHCN with parents of children identified as having Autism and related conditions, etc.

A national survey which provides a broad range of information about the health status and health care of the US civilian non-institutionalized household population including all adults and children in the family

Topics in survey

Physical and emotional health; factors that may relate to well-being of children, including medical homes, family interactions, parental health, school experiences, and safe neighborhoods.

Assesses overall health and health status of CSHCN, including medical home, adequate health insurance, access to needed services, and adequate care coordination. Other topics include functional difficulties, transition services, and shared decision-making.

Contains information on complementary and alternative medicine use among children in the US; questions include 34 specific CAM modalities, insurance coverage and out-of-pocket cost for visits to CAM practitioners, providers, classes or trainings, reasons for and benefits of CAM use

Parents were asked about the emergence of symptoms, the context of the original diagnoses, the providers who made the diagnoses, the child’s current diagnostic status, the types of clinical treatments/interventions and educational services used to address developmental delays, and other parental concerns or perspectives.

 

Since 1997, the NHIS questionnaire has consisted of a Core and variable Supplements. The Household Composition collects information about basic demographic characteristics of all persons in the household. The Family Core component collects information about socio-demographic characteristics, health, activity limitations, injuries, health insurance coverage, use of and access to health care services for all persons in the family. The Sample Core obtain additional information on health status, health care services, and behavior for a randomly selected adult or child from each family.

Survey Design and Sponsorship

Maternal and Child Health Bureau in partnership with National Center for Health Statistics, Child and Adolescent Health Measurement Initiative, and a National Technical Expert Panel

Maternal and Child Health Bureau in partnership with National Center for Health Statistics, Child and Adolescent Health Measurement Initiative, and a National Technical Expert Panel

National Center for Complementary and Integrative Health (formerly NCCAM) and National Center for Health Statistics

Maternal and Child Health Bureau; National Institute of Mental Health in partnership with National Center for Health Statistics

National Center for Health Statistics
Data Collection
National Center for Health Statistics
National Center for Health Statistics
National Center for Health Statistics
National Center for Health Statistics  National Center for Health Statistics

Periodicity

Every 4 years. Data available on DRC: 2003, 2007, 2011/12

Administered 3 times in 2001, 2005/6, 2009/10. The survey is being integrated into the NSCH

Administered two times, once in 2007 and again 2012, as a supplement to the NHIS

Administered one time in 2011 as a follow-back supplement to the 2009/10 NS-CSHCN

Annual survey has been conducted since 1957. Data available on DRC: 2013, 2014, pooled year of 2011/12 and 2010-2013

Population sampled

Non-institutionalized children in the US ages 0-17 years

Non-institutionalized CSHCN in the US ages 0-17 years

2007: Non-institutionalized children in the US ages 0-17 years
2012: Non-institutionalized children in the US ages 4-17 years

 

CSHCN ages 6-17 years who were ever diagnosed with autism spectrum disorder, intellectual disability, or developmental delay in the 2009/10 NS-CSHCN

Civilian non-institutionalized household population including all adults and children in the family. DRC data query includes children ages 0-17 years only

Sample size range

Between 91,000 and 102,000

Between 38,000 and 40,000

2007: Around 10,000
2012: Around 8,000

Around 4,000

Around 10,000 children

Representative

Weighted to be representative of the US population of non-institutionalized children ages 0-17

Weighted to be representative of the US population of non-institutionalized CSHCN ages 0-17 2007: Weighted to be representative of the US population of non-institutionalized children ages 0-17
2012: Weighted to be representative of the US population of non-institutionalized children ages 4-17

Weighted to be representative of the US population of non-institutionalized CSHCN ages 6-17

Weighted to be representative of the US population of non-institutionalized children ages 0-17

Regions

Nationwide, all 50 states

 

Nationwide, all 50 states

 

Nationwide, 4 regions- Midwest, South, Northeast, West

Nationwide, 4 regions - Midwest, South, Northeast, West

 

Nationwide, 4 regions- Midwest, South, Northeast, West, and all 50 states from pooled year of data

Subgroups

Age, sex, race/ethnicity, parental education, primary language for Hispanic CSHCN, # CSHCN Screener criteria met, specific types special health needs, emotional/ behavioral/ developmental issues, # functional difficulties, family structure, insurance- (status, type, consistency, adequacy), household income, presence of medical home

Age, sex, race/ethnicity, family income level, chronic conditions, pain-related conditions or problems, emotional/mental/behavioral problems, # missed school days, any activity limitation, health insurance status, health insurance type, prescription medications for 3+ months, medical specialist care, ED visits, # office visits to medical health professionals, mental health care, special therapies, out-of-pocket costs for medical/dental care, medical care access problems

Age, sex, race/ethnicity, family income level, highest educational level, type of insurance, and condition group

Age, sex, race/ethnicity, family income level, highest educational level, type of insurance, rural/urban, metropolitan statistical area (MSA)